Robotic Surgery Advancements in Health Care


Thirty-eight years ago, in 1985, great technologists invented robotic surgery advancements. Hence, the concept of robots performing complex surgeries is no longer limited to movies. Robotic arms operate on various organs, making it easier for surgeons to control the movement and provide a better view of the spot. Robotic Surgical Instruments also go easy on patients by using small incisions.

Robotic surgery advancements like Smaller incisions, Da Vinic Surgical System, Medtronic’s Mazor X, and Verb Surgical. It signals a new age in medical care.

Robotic surgery is an excellent achievement in the field of health care. Still, everyone has a different perspective on it. 

Why Robotic Surgery?

With robotic capabilities, surgeons access tight and difficult spots the human wrist cannot reach. Robotic surgery can be helpful for challenging surgeries like:

  • Complex Tumor Removal Surgeries 
  • Organ transplants
  • Gallstone surgeries 

Do robots perform surgeries on their own?

Most people doubt or might not trust robots performing surgeries on their own. But relax, guys! The answer is No, as the surgeon is the master controlling and guiding the robotic system very precisely. 

The surgeon can control the robotic system by multiple technologies. Some of these are:

  • A press with joy sticks for the control 
  • Bedside robotics arms with tools to operate.
  • 3D vision system for imaging and navigating. 
Do robots perform surgeries on their own
Robotic Surgery Advancements

Was the First Robotic Surgery a success? 

First Remote-Based Robot Surgery 

There are a lot of exciting questions that have been raised by the use of robots in medical surgery.

This was also an embraceable achievement. Since then, surgical robotics have advanced, enabling surgeons to perform complex surgeries with enhanced precision and skill.

3 Robotic Surgery Advancements Systems

Three major systems are being used around the globe for robotic surgeries. These systems help the patient recover fast and are less painful. 

1 – da Vinci Surgical System

2 – Medtronic’s Mazor X

3 – Verb Surgical

The da Vinci Surgical System
The da Vinci Surgical System in Robotic Surgery Advancements

Applications of the Robotic Surgery 

1. Robotic kidney surgery

Robotic surgeries can filter and remove kidney stones through minute incisions, eliminating the need for open surgery and lowering the risks of complications and infection. 

2. Robotic prostate surgery

Compared to traditional procedures, robotic surgeries for prostate cancer frequently result in improved preservation of sexual and urinary function, enhancing patients’ quality of life after surgery. 

3. Robotic colorectal surgery

With the guidance of wristed devices and 3D imagery provided by robotic platforms, surgeons may more precisely negotiate the tricky bends and turns of the colon and rectum, appropriately lowering the risk of issues.

4. Robotic coronary artery bypass

Robotic coronary artery bypass surgery, also often known as “off-pump” surgery, can sometimes be carried out without stopping the heart, reducing the chance of complications following the procedure.

5. Robot-assisted cancer surgery

Because they can reach out-of-place places like the pelvis or the bottom of the skull, robotic systems help remove malignancies from delicate anatomical structures.

6. Robotic cardiac surgery

Robotic heart surgery enables remote tele-surgery capabilities, improving access to specialist treatment by allowing skilled surgeons to conduct operations on patients far from their physical location.

Applications of robotic surgery advancements

7. Gallbladder removal

One small opening is made through the navel during robotic single-site gallbladder surgery, leaving almost no visible scarring and a discrete cosmetic look.

8. Hysterectomy

Robotic-assisted hysterectomy provides superior pelvic manoeuvrability, making it appropriate for challenging cases such as big fibroids or endometriosis, where accuracy is essential.

9. Kidney transplant

Robotic kidney transplantation can be done with smaller stitches, potentially lowering postoperative pain and allowing living donors to make less invasive contributions.

10. Kidney removal (total or partial)

Robotic nephrectomy enables the specific and minimally painful removal of a kidney, which is significant for individuals giving a kidney to a loved one or for their transplantation. 

11. Single-site robotic gallbladder surgery

Single-site robotic surgery offers a professionally appealing and minimally invasive alternative by combining the advantages of robotic surgery with a single, minor incision in the patient’s belly button.

12. Head-and-neck surgery

Robotic devices assist in sensitive head-and-neck surgery processes, assuring minimal harm to nearby tissues, including nerves and blood vessels, increasing patient outcomes and healing.

13. Joint replacement surgery 

Though less frequent than other uses, robotic aid in joint replacement surgery enables precise implant positioning, extending the life of the joint restoration and enhancing long-term function.

Advantages of the Robotic Surgery Advancements

  • Enhanced Precision: Robotic surgical systems provide a high level of precision, allowing surgeons to make precise movements with greater accuracy than human hands. This is particularly beneficial in delicate and intricate surgeries.
  • Improved Visualization: Robotic systems typically include high-definition 3D cameras that provide a detailed and magnified view of the surgical site. This enhanced visualization helps surgeons see fine details and better navigate complex anatomy.
  • Minimally Invasive: Most robotic surgeries are minimally invasive, involving small incisions. This results in less trauma to the patient’s body, reduced scarring, and a faster recovery than traditional open surgeries.
  • Reduced Pain and Discomfort: Minimally invasive robotic surgeries often lead to less postoperative pain and discomfort, allowing patients to recover more comfortably.
  • Shorter Hospital Stays: Robotic surgery can lead to shorter hospital stays because of the minimally invasive approach and quicker recovery times. Patients can often return home more quickly than staying there for days, which helps in reducing healthcare costs.
  • Quicker Recovery: Patients undergoing robotic surgeries typically experience faster recovery and can start normal activities sooner than open surgery.
  • Reduced Blood Loss: The precision of robotic instruments can minimize blood loss during surgery, which is especially important in specific procedures.
  • Lower Infection Risk: Smaller incisions and a reduced risk of contamination can lower the risk of surgical site infections.
  • Less Scarring: The small incisions used in robotic surgery result in more minor, less noticeable scars, which can be cosmetically appealing to patients.
Advantages of the Robotic Surgery
Advantages of the Robotic Surgery Advancements
  • Complex Procedures: Robotic surgery benefits complex and challenging procedures, such as prostatectomy, cardiac surgery, and intricate gynaecological surgeries.
  • Reduced Surgeon Fatigue: The ergonomic design of robotic consoles can reduce surgeon fatigue during long and complex surgeries, allowing for more precise and steady movements.
  • Remote Surgery: In some cases, robotic systems can enable remote surgery, where a surgeon can operate on a patient at a different location. This can be valuable for providing specialized care to remote or underserved areas.
  • Data Collection and Analysis: Robotic surgical systems often collect data during procedures, which can be used for analysis and research to improve surgical techniques and outcomes.

Personal Experience in Robotic Surgery

Dennis L. Fowler, MD, MPH, a Director at the Center for Innovation and Outcomes Research at Columbia University, is a general surgeon who mostly does operations in the abdomen. He is in this field and has been working in it for years. He has shared his personal experience with robotics surgery and its advancements. Some of the opinions are discussed below.

Dennis L. Fowler

Surgical Specialties that Can Benefit from Robotic Surgery

Dennis L. Fowler, MD, MPH, a Director at the Center for Innovation and Outcomes Research at Columbia University, is a general surgeon who mostly does operations in the abdomen, that’s been his focus said: “Surgical robots can be beneficial for any surgery requiring an outstanding level of mastery or require a big incision or a painful incision for access. But surgical robots for brain surgery, spine surgery, or joint surgery are all available or developed by various companies worldwide.”

Moreover, he discussed the issue of the ability to bring artificial intelligence to partner with human surgeons to make surgery safer, more reproducible, and have more predictable outcomes. They believe that robotic technology, in the concept of bringing artificial intelligence to a good hardware platform, can deliver that for most types of surgery, including brain surgery, heart surgery, and joint surgery.

Patients Concerned with the Safety of Robotic Surgery

There’s a great deal of confidence that a patient puts in a human surgeon if they’ve come to know that surgeon, learn of the surgeon’s reputation, and the surgeon’s outcomes. It’s a significant paradigm shift to think that a machine would be given that kind of trust, but it already is happening in various life-preserving industries such as

  • Nuclear power plants
  • Jet aeroplanes that we get in all the time.
  • Computers can already fly planes without pilot assistance.
Patients Concerned with the Safety of Robotic Surgery
Patients Concerned with the Safety of Robotic Surgery Advancements

A 777 jet can fly from Los Angeles to Paris without a human pilot. It’s safer, and it’s proven that that’s safer. Now, surgery is not the same as flying an aeroplane through the air. Still, many experts believe that inserting a computer with software and the appropriate electronic connection between the surgeon’s hands and the tools can make the surgery safer.

Will Robots ever take over the Surgical Process Completely? 

According to experts, it is technologically possible that computers can independently do operations in the future. There is little doubt that computational capabilities will enable that. We’re still there and probably will be there for several years or even decades. But as we develop this, there will be increasing rapidity of the development of this such that we create partnerships between robots and human surgeons.

Future of Robotic Surgery Advancements

Experts say computers will eventually enable surgeries to be entirely performed by robots.

  • These advances are years or decades in the future.
  • However, advances are constantly being made at an accelerated rate.
  • This will soon lead to human-robot partnerships during surgery. 
Future of the Robotic Surgery
Future of the Robotic Surgery Advancements


Frequently Asked Questions on Robotic Surgery Advancements

Surgical robotics impacts healthcare by increasing access to particular operations, lowering challenges, and enhancing patient outcomes.

  1. Greater accuracy
  2. Smaller incisions
  3. lower infection risk

With even more complex AI integration, telehealth applications, and greater surgical robots shrinking, the future of robotic surgery is bright.

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